April 17, 2017

(Dr. Dan Thomson) Hey, folks. Welcome to DocTalk. Dr. Dan Thomson here, we’re going to have a fun show. We’re going to talk about cow dog wellness. We got Dr. Susan Nelson here who is a clinical professor from the Pet Health Center at Kansas State University. We’re going to talk about things such as vaccinations, parasite control, poison prevention, lots of good things about maintaining the health of your cow dog.

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(Dr. Dan) Hey folks, welcome to the show. Dr. Nelson thanks for being here. (Dr. Susan Nelson) Hello. (Dr. Dan) Folks, this is Dr. Susan Nelson. She is a clinical professor here at the Pet Health Center at the Veterinary Health Center at Kansas State University. We always like having you on the show, it’s great information, and today we’re going to talk about taking care of the cow dog and cow dog wellness. (Dr. Susan) Very important. One thing we need to think about is vaccines for our dogs. We have, well we call it core and non-core; core is what everybody needs to have. That’s going to include your distemper parvo combination vaccine, those are diseases that even the local coyotes and foxes can bring in to your pets too. They’re oftentimes fatal if your dog gets those. Then the big one’s going to be rabies. We have rabies all around the United States. It doesn’t matter where you live, different forms of it. We want to make sure that they’re kept up to date on their rabies vaccines. (Dr. Dan) Obviously, the rabies vaccine, you need to get your dog in to the veterinarian because those are– (Dr. Susan) Yes, the rabies vaccine needs to be given by a veterinarian. Ideally, having your dog in at least once a year, to have it checked out by your veterinarian to make sure there’s no illnesses or anything happening with it. (Dr. Dan) You bet. (Dr. Susan) Then we have a couple of other what are called non-core vaccines. Probably one of the bigger ones for your ranch dogs could be leptospirosis. That’s a bacteria that can be shed through the urine of raccoons, mice, rodents, cattle, and pigs; something your dog can pick up that can potentially be fatal. They can also pass it to you. This is what we call a zoonotic disease. Every farm dog can be at risk for this one, even the little house dogs who live out on the farm; they’re going outside too. (Dr. Dan) Because they have some bad habits of getting their nose and eating things they shouldn’t. (Dr. Susan) Yes. Then some of these ranch dogs, even though they’re on the ranch, working on the ranch, may also be participating in agility, field trials, and things like that. So you might want to think about vaccinating for some of your upper respiratory diseases such as bordetella, kennel cough, canine influenza, depending where you live and where you’re traveling to. (Dr. Dan) Most of the time, if you’re looking at core vaccines or non-core vaccines, if you talk with your local veterinarian, they’re going to have a pretty good idea of what’s endemic? (Dr. Susan) Exactly. They know what’s in your area; can give you the best advice for your dog. (Dr. Dan) Lyme’s disease? (Dr. Susan) That’s going to be problem more in the little east and then north of here too. There again, talk with your veterinarian and see what they recommend about vaccinating your dog for that. (Dr. Dan) When we talk about the vaccinations–actually the distemper, rabies, they’re every year? Or can be every three years? (Dr. Susan) Depending where you live, distemper parvo combination, we do a series and then once they have that first-year booster, we go every three years with that. Rabies, we can go over three years but it’s dictated by your local and or state ordinances. You have to by the law for that one. (Dr. Dan) If you have a dog I think that some people don’t– especially when we get out in rural communities, is there any liability of me not getting my dog rabies vaccinated? (Dr. Susan) Yes, that’s a good question because if your dog bites someone who’s coming to visit you and is not current on their rabies vaccine, the quarantine period and expense that goes in with that is all on you. (Dr. Dan) Well folks, make sure you get your dog in annual evaluation, annual checkup, and shots as needed. Make sure you work with your local veterinarian. When we come back with Dr. Nelson, we’re going to continue on this talk. We’re going to talk about parasite control in the cow dog.

(Dr. Dan) Hey folks, welcome back to DocTalk. Dr. Dan Thomson here with Dr. Susan Nelson. She is the clinical professor and works here as a veterinarian in our Pet Health Center, which is located in the Veterinary Health Center at Kansas State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and talking about taking care of those cow dogs and parasites, different types of parasites. Right? (Dr. Susan) Right. We break down parasites in the internal or external parasites. We’ll start with the internal parasites or the worms as people–our farm dogs are privy to catching a lot of these worms. Tapeworms are common. Usually not life threatening or cause severe disease, but they can get those through either eating their flea or eating dead rodents, mice, things like that, rabbits. All those carry what we call an intermediate host, so they’re commonly infected with that. Roundworms, hookworms, whipworms are also very common for our farm dogs. The local wildlife, there again the coyotes, the foxes can all keep that reservoir going also. Baylisascaris is a type of roundworm carried by a raccoon that can also be fatal for people. We want to make sure we keep our dogs immune for those. Although it doesn’t cause much disease in the dogs, they can still pass out those eggs into their feces and then they can be contagious to their owners. (Dr. Dan) If you have them around show hogs or anything like that, it can have dramatic effects. A Baylisascaris can on hogs and central nerves disorders and have them go down. (Dr. Susan) And they will go and eat those things that hogs like to eat. Yes, including the dog’s feces. Giardia, which they can get through contaminated water, is also going to be very common, and so that’s another disease. If they’re having chronic diarrhea, you would want to have your veterinarian test them for it. The good news is for a lot of these intestinal parasites, our heartworm preventive also covers those, which is another parasite we need to talk about. Heartworms are mosquito-transmitted disease that dogs can get. Pretty much been documented in all the states in the United States, except Alaska. If they have it there, they came to it from some other place with it. Anyway, we want to protect our dogs. It’s expensive to treat them. It’s a lot easier to prevent it. There again, it covers several of these medications, multi-worm for several intestinal parasites. (Dr. Dan) If I’m covering them for heartworm, a lot of the products I’m using for heartworm are going to cover for all the rest of these–? (Dr. Susan) A lot of them. We have some that will do roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms along with their heartworms. It’s a lot of bang for your buck. And then the other thing we need to look at is external parasites like fleas and ticks. We already talked about fleas can transmit tapeworms to your dog. However, flea allergic dermatitis, so very itchy skin, breaking out in infections, is very common too. If they have enough fleas, fleabite anemia is a problem. And then we come to ticks, our favorite. All right, ticks transmit a lot of bad diseases not only to our dogs, but they can also transmit those diseases to us. Your dogs can bring in some of these ticks into the house if they come in and out of the house, and then they can come on to you and transmit diseases. Things like ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Lyme disease, depending on the area of the country you’re at, or just to name a few. (Dr. Dan) To control fleas and ticks, there are many different products, right? (Dr. Susan) Yes, we have a lot of topicals. There’s some new oral medications if your dogs runs the ponds a lot, keeps it from washing off. There’s a lot of things. Best advice is talk to your veterinarian; see what the problem is locally in your area and what product seem to work best. (Dr. Dan) Great information. We’re going to take a break. When we come back, we’ll talk about how to maybe keep your dog out of a few things that might keep them from getting sick and something they might eat to keep them active and getting after the cattle. Thanks for watching DocTalk. More after these messages.

(Dr. Dan) Hey folks, welcome back to DocTalk. I’m Dr. Dan Thomson here with Dr. Susan Nelson. We work at Kansas State University where Dr. Nelson is the clinical professor here at the Pet Health Center in the Veterinary Health Center at the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University. Dr. Nelson, we’re talking about wellness in the cow dog, and let’s go into some of your feeding and food type recommendations. (Dr. Susan) Obviously, our dogs need to be fed and have some water. If you want to keep them around, you need to grow them up right. Always have fresh water available. We don’t want them accidentally having to crawl into a stock tank and falling in and drowning. We need to make sure there’s water access for them, fresh water. And then feeding, you need to find a food that fits well with your dog’s lifestyle. If they’re high energy, they may need a higher caloric food. If they are just now starting to lay around in the porch more because they’re getting older, you might need to cut back those calories. Find a lower calorie food. Basically, you want a food that has a good brand name, and then their performance; they perform well on it so they can do the job they’re supposed to be doing. (Dr. Dan) Right. Again, when we look at moving those dogs, larger framed dogs versus smaller framed dogs. (Dr. Susan) Yes. It’s very important, especially since a lot of these farm dogs are going to be–some of them are going to be larger breed dogs. That we have a food that’s appropriate for that growth stage and for that breed. Puppies of large breeds that are growing very quickly really need to be on a food that’s for those types of puppies. We call it large breed puppy foods. To make sure we’re trying to do what we can to avoid some of the muscular-skeletal issues that can develop along the way. (Dr. Dan) And then there are some things we don’t want them to eat, right? That might be around the farm, maybe some poisons or some things that we need to watch out for? (Dr. Susan) Yes, probably two most common poisonings we’re going to run into is antifreeze, especially when there’s leaks from the tractors or the vehicles and so on. It just takes a teaspoon to a tablespoon or so to kill your dog, and so you want to clean up these spills immediately and not have access to that if possible. The others could be rat poison. Now, a lot of the rat baits are now in pet-proof containers. I haven’t tested that so I don’t know how pet-proof they are, but let’s say they can’t get into the container, the problem is, especially, your terrier breeds and stuff that really like to hunt the mice and rats. They’re going to go after even the poisoned ones and they can get poisoned, what we call, secondarily by consuming enough of these mice or rats who have eaten the poison, then they get poisoned by having enough accumulated into them from eating those because that’s a big concern. (Dr. Dan) I hadn’t even thought about secondary poisoning especially with the rat or the pet-proof containers. What are some of the clinical signs or what are some things that a person should if you think that your dog has gotten into the rat poison or something? (Dr. Susan) Yes. Either rat poison or antifreeze, those two. Because it may be a while before you can get them into a veterinarian, depending on how far out you live, you want to induce vomiting. I’d recommend you talk to your veterinarian about the best way to do that at home, to try to get that out of their system. There are some things we don’t want to induce vomiting. So you might want to take a look at what you have around your property and look at the containers because if it says on the container, “Don’t induce vomiting,” don’t induce it. (Dr. Dan) Don’t do it. (Dr. Susan) But definitely rat poison, the ones that make them bleed out, there’s another type or rat poison when we make them vomit, the fumes from that can also be toxic to us and so you need to make sure you doing that out in a well-ventilated area. (Dr. Dan) Got you. Well, great information. Make sure you have work on the proper nutrition for your dog. Make sure your puppy versus working dog versus geriatric. Then make sure you clean up the antifreeze in the shop and things to that nature, things we don’t think about on a routine basis that we need to be reminded of especially this time of year. When we come back we’re going to wrap up with Dr. Nelson. We are going to talk about some things about training. Maybe some phobias, different things that your dog could use or maybe something that your dog’s going through. More after these messages.

(Dr. Dan) Folks welcome back to DocTalk. Dr. Dan Thomson here with Dr. Susan Nelson who’s a clinical professor here at Kansas State University in the College of Veterinary Medicine and as we were talking during break, one of the things we kind of triggered our minds on poison and parasite control is that off-label, Ivermectin. (Dr. Susan) Yeah, Ivermectin using cattle Ivermectin, their equine Ivermectin in your dogs is very tempting to save some money but it does come with some risk. A lot of our farm dogs are herding breeds, and a lot of these herding breeds are more sensitive to over dosages of Ivermectin. You have to be extremely careful. These are very concentrated products and it’s really hard to get it to a small enough dose to be safe for these dogs. I’ll throw in for the farm cats too. Because we do see a lot of Ivermectin toxicities so even those tempted to use it, talk to your veterinarian, at least about the proper dose or using something that’s actually labeled dogs that’s based on Ivermectin. (Dr. Dan) Good. Great information. One of the things we don’t think about, we think about training our dogs for their job but there might be some other training that is necessary. (Dr. Susan) Yes. One thing you want to think about is trying to train them to not chase the vehicles because you may have a very good herding dog that you don’t want to be loose to being hit by a car, or it be the mailman or your own truck, so detaining them and learning training methods to keep them from chasing the vehicles would be very important. Teaching them not to chase the neighbor’s cows or the chickens or you may not have a dog coming back home one night, unfortunately. If you can’t get him trained, you may have to keep them confined when you are not at home so you can be watching them. (Dr. Dan) Yes, and I think that’s another thing is keep them confined, training them. There’s a lot of different tools out there to help train dogs to stay close to the house or within a radius, because there’s nothing more frustrating even as a neighbor– I know my dogs get out on you all’s places, sorry neighbors, but when another dog shows up to your place and it disrupts your dog’s behavior. Many different issues. (Dr. Susan) Yeah. And so that would go along with socializing your dog too, and just when the other dog show up, to try to avoid some fights. (Dr. Dan) What about some of these phobias that dogs can go through? I thought that was quite interesting. (Dr. Susan) Yes. We think that there is more of what– because we see more of it with our city dogs but farm dogs get thunderstorm phobias too. You may be able to shoot a gun all day around them but when storms roll in, they may develop into their little, withering, dribbling piece of scared dog. (Dr. Dan) So what are some of the things– when we talk about phobias, what are some of those things that– can we do something about it or do we just need to be aware? (Dr. Susan) Right. I think being aware is of key point first to send out that there is a problem. If it’s mild, there can be some training tips and some non-prescription medications that can be used during those time. If they’re very severe, talk to your veterinarian. They very well may need prescription medication to aid them. A lot of these medications will not interfere with their functioning to work. (Dr. Dan) Great. Well, thank you so much, Susan, for being here on the show. Folks, Dr. Nelson, wealth of information, someone I love having on the show. Thank you for watching DocTalk today. Remember, always work with your local veterinarian and if you want to know more about what we do here at DocTalk, you can find us on the web at www.doctalktv.com. I’m Dr. Dan Thomson here with Dr. Susan Nelson. You’ve been watching DocTalk today, and I’ll see you down the road.

Closed Captioning brought to you by AgriLabs, the Perfect Pairing of Performance and Value.

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